There are several strategies you can use to optimize a slow query with many JOINs in Microsoft SQL Server:

  1. Use appropriate indexes: Make sure that you have appropriate indexes on the tables that are being joined. This will allow the database engine to quickly locate the rows that need to be joined, which can significantly improve the performance of the query.
  2. Use the right JOIN type: Use the appropriate JOIN type based on the nature of the data and the requirements of the query. For example, use INNER JOINs when you only want to return rows that have matches in both tables, and use LEFT JOINs when you want to include all rows from the left table, even if there are no matches in the right table.
  3. Use subqueries: If you have a complex JOIN that involves multiple tables and conditions, you can try using subqueries to simplify the JOIN. This can make the query easier to read and maintain, and may also improve its performance.
  4. Use temporary tables: If you have a large number of JOINs and the query is still slow, you can try using temporary tables to store intermediate results. This can help to reduce the amount of data that needs to be processed by the query, which can improve its performance.
  5. Rewrite the query: If the above strategies do not help, you may need to rewrite the query in a different way. This can be a more involved process, but it may be necessary to achieve the desired performance.

It is also a good idea to periodically check the execution plan for the query to see where the bottlenecks are and to identify any opportunities for optimization.

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